Passive Voice

Nama  : Rekno Asriani

NPM    : 11209137

Kelas   : 4EA15

Tugas  : Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2#

 

Passive Voice

Passive voice is a grammatical construction (grammatical form) where the subject in the sentence (sentence) or clause (clause) does not take action, it receives the action or follow up (receiver of action) by the other agent (DOER of action) either mentioned or not.

In contrast, the active construction, the sentence or clause subject directly related to the verb to act as agents of action. Active sentence can be transformed into a passive, but only transitive verb (has a direct object) that can be enforced so.

 

Formulas and Examples of Passive voice on tenses

Auxiliary to form passive constructions can be padatenses auxiliary be (is, are, was, were), the combination of the two primary auxiliary (is / are being, was / were being, has / have been), or between the primary auxiliary verb capital (will be, will have been). Auxialiary is then combined with a past participle to form the passive verb form. The formulas and examples of passive voice in some kind of tenses can be seen in the following table.

Tenses Rumus Contoh
Present Simple am/is/are + past participle The crafts are made of wood.
Continuous am/is/are + being + past participle The room is being cleaned.
Perfect has/have + been + past participle Your requests have been approved.
Past Simple was/were + past participle The mansion was built in 1990.
Continuous was/were + being + past participle Your gown was being washed.
Perfect had + been+ past participle The fence had been painted in green.
Future Simple will + be + past participle The packet will be sent immediately.
Perfect will + have + been + past participle The article will have been read ninety times.

Catatan:

Bentuk pasif dari perfect continuous sebaiknya dihindari karena rumit dan tidak elegan.

Example

a.    Jika active voice dalam simple present tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah is, am atau are.

Contoh :

  • Active    : He meets them everyday.
  • Passive  : They are met by him everyday.
  • Active    : She waters this plant every two days.
  • Passive  : This plant is watered by her every two days.

 

b.    Jika active voice dalam simple past tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah was atau were

Contoh :

  • Active    : He met them yesterday
  • Passive  : They were met by him yesterday
  • Active    : She watered this plant this morning
  • Passive  : This plant was watered by her this morning

 

c.    Jika active voice dalam present perfect tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary has atau have, sehingga menjadi ‘has been’ atau ‘have been’

Contoh :

  • Active    : He has met them
  • Passive  : They have been met by him
  • Active    : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes.
  • Passive  : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes.

 

d.   Jika active voice dalam past perfect tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary had, sehingga menjadi had been

Contoh :

  • Active    : He had met them before I came.
  • Passive  : They had been met by him before I came.
  • Active    : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here
  • Passive  : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here

 

e.    Jika active voice dalam simple future tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah be

Contoh :

  • Active    : He will meet them tomorrow.
  • Passive  : They will be met by him tomorrow.
  • Active    : She will water this plant this afternoon.
  • Passive  : This plant will be watered by her this afternoon.
  • Active    : The farmers are going to harvest the crops next week
  • Passive  : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week.

 

f.     Jika active voice dalam future perfect tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary will have, sehingga menjadi ‘will have been’

Contoh :

  • Active    : He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.
  • Passive  : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow.
  • Active   : She will have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon.
  • Passive  : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon.

 

Sumber:

http://tisthanewbie26.wordpress.com/2012/01/03/contoh-kalimat-passive-voice-2/

http://widyanirwadi.blogspot.com/2013/04/passive-voice-penjelasan-tentang-tenses.html

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